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Lowther Hall Nora Collisson Centre (Library): A FACT: Step 2: Find & Record

The Research Process - Step 2 - Find and Record


Where can I FIND the information I need?

The second step in the research process is to FIND and RECORD what you need. You might need to gather information for yourself via interviews, experiments and questionnaires and sometimes you need to source information from other texts.

There are three things to think about during this stage:

  1. Finding sources
  2. Finding information within sources
  3. Recording where the information is from

Record the information you have found

You will need to RECORD the information you find, including the source. Remember at Lowther Hall we use the Harvard style of referencing.

Find Sources - Use Keywords

This is the stage when you search online, look at books, find original documents and talk to people!

Before you start searching for information (sources), you need to choose good keywords for your search.

Keywords are words that describe your research task and are needed for asking the right question in your information search.They can be single words or very short phrases. Consider synonyms too.

Keywords are an important part of the ASK Stage

  • With your teacher read through the task sheet and identify key words which will help you locate relevant information to complete this assignment. 
  • Check that you understand the meanings of these words. Find out the meanings or ask your teacher for clarification.
  • Record your keywords in a table. These will be used to search for relevant information in the FIND stage

You need to search online, look at books, find original documents - and talk to people!

Learn how to determine keywords, develop search strings, and how to find just what you are looking for in a library catalogue, database or on the Internet.

Duration: 3:50

Find Images

Photos For Class


Age Appropriate Images - All images are appropriate for the school setting, thanks to Flicker SafeSearch and our proprietary filters.
Automatic Citation - Downloaded images automatically cite the author and the image license terms.
Creative Commons - All photos shown are, to the best of our (and Flickr's) knowledge, licensed by Creative Commons for public use



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The pictures are free for personal and even for commercial use.
You can modify, copy and distribute the photos.
All without asking for permission or setting a link to the source. So, attribution is not required.


Unsplash photos are made to be used freely. No permission is necessary but accreditation would be honourable.

Google Images

Google Images is a search engine just for images.

You can reverse search, drag and drop or use a URL.For explicit instructions go to: Support for Google Images


Find Information within a Source -  Skim and Scan

After you have found possible sources of information to answer your research question, you need to find the information within the text. To do this you need to develop the specific reading skills to help you find the information you need quickly and effectively. You need to skim and scan.



For beginners with these techniques watch this video: Skim and Scan

For senior students use the Butte College Skim and Scan Tips

Find Videos





Pixabay has copyright free images and videos. All contents are released under the Pixabay License, which makes them safe to use without asking for permission of the artist.




Videovo has stock videos, motion graphics, music tracks and sound effects. You do not need to ask permission of the creator, but do need to credit them. You must not make the clips available for download elsewhere. 


Can I use Wikipedia?

You need to think about how to use Wikipedia. It's okay to use it as a starting point to get your bearings, browse different sections to get an overview of the general content, then look at the sources used.

You may not cite it as a reference in your work.


See the guide for using Wikipedia in your research.


Quick Links

More Useful Guides

Develop Useful Key Terms

Learn techniques for generating a list of keywords for searching.

Duration 1:29

Finding Sources - Tips for Effective Searching

When we search, we often get many more responses than we need. Keywords help to retrieve what you need but there are other ways too. This video explains the symbols you can use to limit your search further. It is called Boolean searching. 

Record - Taking Notes

Watch the entire video on Quoting, Summarising, Paraphrasing.

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