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Lowther Hall Nora Collisson Centre (Library): Writing an Annotated Bibliography

What is an annotated bibliography?

The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. An annotated bibliography is usually descriptive, informative or evaluates the texts listed in a bibliography. Your teacher will guide you as to which one. 

Annotations help your teacher to see your thinking, but they also help you too. Since your annotations include a summary of the source, you start to think critically about the source and its value to your research. .This helps you better understand the topic.

The Process

Annotations are typically three to four sentences long. Begin with broad comments about the focus of the source then moves to more details. Your comments should move from the details of the text to your evaluation of the source.

- Create a bibliography as you normally would. If you need help with this, then go to Our Guide to Writing Bibliographies / Reference lists

- Following each citation you write your annotation. It generally consists of three points:

1. Summary

2.  Evaluation 

  • This is how it connects to my research
  • This is what is not included

3.  Reflection

  • This is what I still need to find out

Example of Annotated Bibliography

What is an annotated bibliography?

Source:      Accessed 27 July 2021  Production date:  2013      Duration: 1:42 min       

Writing a Bibliography or Reference List