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Lowther Hall Nora Collisson Centre (Library): Referencing Help & Writing a Bibliography

What do I need to cite?

Bibliography examples

For each in-text citation you will need to record the full details in the bibliography.

A bibliography is a detailed list of resources used or consulted in the preparation of your work. A bibliography goes at the end of your assignment, and all resources in it are listed alphabetically.

At Lowther, we use the Harvard referencing style, which means resources in your bibliography should be written in the following format:

Material Type



Book Author Year of publication, Title of book,  Publisher, Place of publication. King, S 1974, Carrie, Hodder & Staughton, London.


Author (the person or organisation responsible for the site) Year (Date website created/revised), Title, Viewed date (Day Month Year), <URL>.

The University of Melbourne 2018, re:cite, 22 August 2018, <>.

Print article

Author Year of publication, 'Title of article', Name of Publication, Volume, Issue, Page numbers.

Engler, M 2012, ‘Obama: a better adversary’, New Internationalist, vol. 455, September, p. 33.

Online article

Author Year of publication, 'Title of article', Name of Publication, Volume, Issue, Page numbers, date of viewing, <URL>.

Gorman, GE 2008, 'The plague of plagiarism in an online world', Online Information Review, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 297-301, viewed 23 May 2016, <>.

Tools for research & referencing

Why do I need to cite my sources?

   Referencing is a requirement for all your assignment if you use      someone else's words or ideas. It helps to

  • avoid plagiarism
  • acknowledge the owner of the information you used
  • help yourself and others find the original information
  • shows that other people back up your ideas, making you look more like an expert!

   Take this quiz to test your knowledge on referencing!

   Take this quiz to test your knowledge on in-text citations!

   Take this quiz to test your knowledge on when a citation is        required!


Referencing someone else's words or ideas

Citations always have 2 parts:

  1. In-text citation (a brief citation within your assignment)
  2. A bibliography (a list of full citations at the end of your assignment)

An in-text citation is how you acknowledge resources within your work.

Example of an in-text citation for a quote:

"Being able to put right the things that are wrong in your life is essential to living it the way you want to" (Ratcliffe 2003, p.13).

Example of an in-text citation for an idea (when you are paraphrasing someone else's words):

Ratcliffe (2003, p.13) states that we need change things that aren't working for us in order to improve our lives.

Online referencing tools

Online tools such as Bibme can help you with your citations, but make sure you check to see they are correct!

Some also have apps so you can keep track of your references on the go.

I need more help!

    Visit the LRC if you need assistance with your citations.

    There are also some handy guides on the web: